Mining monitoring instrumentation

Mine monitoring system shall be designed starting from the mine-typology: open pit mine or underground mine (cavern). In open pit mine is really important to monitor the stability of rock/soil walls with inclinometers, incremental extensometers, piezometers and wire extensometers. In underground mining become critical to monitor the stress and displacements of the excavated rock and concrete lining. These parameters are monitored through vibrating wire strain gauges, pressure cells, anchor load cells on rock bolts, MPBX MultiPoint Borehole extensometers and flat jacks.